Skip to main content

Sweated Industries, being a handbook of the 'Daily News' exhibition

The handbook of the Daily News exhibition (second edition, May 1906) has been digitised as part of the 'Work in the sweated trades' project. Links to specific sections of the handbook are given below.

Handbook of the "Daily News" exhibition:

List of members of the Exhibition Council and Executive Committee

List of lectures held between 3-29 May 1906

Introductory note by Richard Mudie-Smith, editor of the handbook

Note to the second edition of the handbook

Preface by Gertrude Tuckwell, Chairman of the Women's Trade Union League

The German Home-Work Exhibition, Berlin, 1906

Short article by H.W. Smith.

Suggested remedies

Short article by Clementina Black, founder of the Women's Trade Union Association (known as the Women's Industrial Council after 1894) and one of the organisers of the Bryant and May matchgirls' strike of 1888.

Legislation and the sweater: Sir Charles Dilke's Wages Board Bill

Short article by Leo George Chiozza Money. Money was an Italian-born economic theorist, journalist and politician, who was elected as a Member of Parliament in the Liberal landslide of 1906. He would later work with David Lloyd George to develop National Insurance.

A Bill for the Better Regulation of Home Industries

Short article by Margaret E. MacDonald. MacDonald was a member of the Women's Industrial Council, National Union of Women Workers and Women's Labour League. Her husband was the Labour Party politician James Ramsay MacDonald.

Artificial flower making

Short article by Thomas Holmes, founder of the Home Workers Aid Association.

The box makers

Short article by Thomas Holmes.

Birmingham hook and eye carders

Short article by George Shann. Shann, originally a Bradford millworker, obtained a university education (funded by scholarships) and moved to Birmingham, where he became a university lecturer and Labour Party politician.

Button carders of Birmingham

Short article by George Shann, M.A.

Shawl fringeing

Short article by Margaret Hardinge Irwin. Irwin was a prominent Scottish trade unionist and a member of the Scottish Council for Women's Trades. She served as the first Secretary of the Scottish Trades Union Congress between 1897-1900.

Shirt making

Short article by Margaret H. Irwin.

Shirt finishing

Short article by Margaret H. Irwin.

Sack sewing

Short article by Margaret H. Irwin.

Umbrella covering

Short article by Margaret H. Irwin.

Women’s and children’s underwear

Short article by Margaret H. Irwin.

Button-hole making

Short article by Constance P. Lewis, member of the Women's Industrial Council.

Tie making

Short article by Ethel Beaumont.

Ammunition bags

Short article by E.J. Morton.

Chain making: Cradley Heath and district

Short article by George Shann, M.A.

Grummets or rope washers

Short article by E.E. Davies.

Clay pipes and cigarette holders

Short article by Leo G. Chiozza Money.

Bromsgrove nail makers

Short article by Florence Thorne Ring.

Racquet and tennis ball covering

Short article by Clementina Black.

Dressmaking

Short article by Mary Neal, socialist and suffragette.

Notes on the manufacture of cigarette cases

Short article by Lily Helen Montagu. Montagu came from a wealthy, philanthropic and politically Liberal family. She would later become one of the founder members of the Jewish League for Woman Suffrage.

Waistcoat making

Short article by F.E. Barger.

Lace out-workers at Nottingham

Short article by William A. Appleton. Nottinghamshire-born W.A. Appleton was General Secretary of the Amalgamated Society of Operative Lace Makers between 1896-1907 and was elected General Secretary of the General Federation of Trade Unions in 1907.

Fur sewing

Short article by F.E. Barger.

Bead work

Short article by Margaret E. MacDonald.

Sweating in the tailoring trade

Short article by James MacDonald, co-founder of the Amalgamated Society of Tailors and Secretary of the London Trades Council. It includes an attack on Jewish tailors.

Glove-stitchers

Short article by Evelyn Carryer, Leicester suffragist and member of the National Union of Women Workers.

Brush making

Short article written by Margaret E. MacDonald, based on the research of Edith Hogg, founder of the Women's Industrial Council.

Match-box making

Short article by Leo G. Chiozza Money.

Jewel case making in London

Extract from an account of the trade by Barbara Hammond, social historian, originally published in Women's Industrial News in June 1904.

Coffin tassel making

Short article by Grace Culloden.

Military embroidery

Short article by Margaret E. MacDonald.

Sweated boot and shoe work

Short article by Lizzie Wilson, Secretary of the Leicester Women's Branch of the National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, with added note by Margaret E. MacDonald.

Bible folding

Short article by Clementina Black.

The saddleress

Short article by M. Carey.

Proposed regulations for German home industries

Short article by Elizabeth Leigh (B.L.) Hutchins. Hutchins was a member of the Women's Industrial Council and the Fabian Society.

Home life of the sweated

Short article by George Haw, author of 'No room to live: the plaint of overcrowded London'.

Workers’ section

"Particulars of workers at stalls". Includes introduction by 'an ex-machinist' and brief descriptions of the work, hours, pay, rent and (in some cases) family situation of the 45 anonymous workers at the exhibition.

Catalogue of exhibits

List of the items on display at the exhibition, with brief information about the rates paid for them by the employer or middleman, the length of the average working day and the average earnings of the worker.

Bibliography