Skip to main content Skip to navigation

Major Group 9: Elementary Occupations

91  Sales and services elementary occupations
    911 Street vendors and related workers
        9111    Street vendors2
        9113    Door-to-door and telephone salespersons

    912 Shoe cleaning and other street services elementary occupations
        9120    Shoe cleaning and other street services elementary occupations

    913 Domestic and related helpers, cleaners and launderers
        9131    Domestic helpers and cleaners
        9132    Helpers and cleaners in offices, hotels and other establishments
        9133    Hand-launderers and pressers

    914 Building caretakers, window and related cleaners
        9141    Building caretakers
        9142    Vehicle, window and related cleaners

    915 Messengers, porters, doorkeepers and related workers
        9151    Messengers, package and luggage porters and deliverers
        9152    Doorkeepers, watchpersons and related workers
        9153    Vending-machine money collectors, meter readers and 
                related workers

    916 Garbage collectors and related labourers
        9161    Garbage collectors
        9162    Sweepers and related labourers

Definitional notes:

Elementary occupations consist mainly of simple and routine tasks which mainly require the use of hand-held tools and often some physical effort. Most occupations in this major group require skills at the first ISCO skill level (a primary education which generally begins at the age of 5, 6 or 7 and lasts about 5 years) (ILO, 1990; p.249 & 2).

Strict application of the ISCO skill level to occupations in this major group is inappropriate, given that basic education provision always exceeds this level. A more appropriate test may be the length of any associated vocational training. Typically, such training will consist primarily of induction training, lasting only a matter of weeks.

1. Where there is insufficient information to classify labouring occupations to sub-major group 91 (Sales and services elementary occupations), sub-major group 92 (Agricultural, fishery and related workers) or sub-major group 93 (Labourers in mining, construction, manufacturing or transport), classification is to a unit group 9000 (Elementary occupations, nothing otherwise specified).

2. Unit group 9112 (Street vendors, non-food products) is not separately identified from unit group 9111 (Street vendors).

92  Agricultural, fishery and related labourers
    921 Agricultural, fishery and related labourers
        9211    Farm-hands and labourers
        9212    Forestry labourers
        9213    Fishery, hunting and trapping labourers

93  Labourers in mining, construction, manufacturing and transport
    931 Mining and construction labourers
        9311    Mining and quarrying labourers
        9312    Construction and maintenance labourers: roads, dams 
                and similar constructions
        9313    Building construction labourers

    932 Manufacturing labourers1
        9320    Manufacturing labourers
    933 Transport labourers and freight handlers
        9330    Transport labourers and freight handlers2

Definitional notes:

See notes to major group 9.

1. Manufacturing labourers include hand-packing operations and other basic labouring tasks associated with manufacturing operations. Assemblers are classified to minor group 828 (Assemblers).

2. Transport labourers and freight handlers include loaders and unloaders of motor and rail vehicles and ships.


1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 0