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Welfare and Social Inclusion


IER has undertaken a broad range of work on the relationship between employment, social inclusion and social mobility encompassing workforce diversity, gender issues, studies on the labour market integration of younger people, research on paid and unpaid work in later life, the projection of employment by ethnic group and the deployment of migrants in the workforce, in particular sectors and more widely.

Support for those out of work, public policy responses to employment and welfare issues and reform of the benefits system have been key issues for policy makers for many years. The development and evaluation of active labour market and other welfare policies has been a core focus of IER's public policy research.

A key focus at IER has also been research on poverty, including in-work poverty, unemployment and worklessness.

Research areas

  • Ageing and employment
  • Equal opportunities and workforce diversity
  • Evaluation and development of welfare policies
  • Gender and social equality
  • Migration and social mobility
  • Unemployment, worklessness and public policy
  • Work and poverty
  • Youth labour market

Evaluation and development of welfare policies

Commission on Social Security; Trust for London (2018–2022).

Centre of Excellence for evaluation of Re-Start; SERCO / DWP (2021 - 2025)

Talent match evaluation and learning contract, Big Lottery Fund (2014-2019).

Stocktake of Worklessness Policy Analysis; DWP (2012)

Migration and social mobility

Literature review: employer decision-making around skill/employee shortages and migration; Home Office (2020).

Impact of changes to international migration; Tech UK (2019-2020). 

Migration and Construction 2018: The role of EU & non-Eu nationals in the UK Construction & Built Environment Sector; CITB (2018).

Determinants of the composition of the labour force in low skilled sectors of the UK economy; Migration Advisory Committee (2012 - 2013)

Unemployment, worklessness and public policy

Transactional, Transitional and Transformational approaches to employability support; SERCO (2021 - 2022)

Transnational Employment Platform - Long Term Unemployment; European Commission (2018 - 2019).

Theory and Practice of Change for a World without Poverty; Webb Memorial Trust (2016- 2017).

Youth labour market

Innovation for the digital economy: On-demand contract work as a means to address youth unemployment in South Africa; British Council Innovation for African Universities Programme (2021 - 2022)

Identification of factors affecting successful outcomes in the DDU-GKY Indian skills programme for unemployed young people; ESRC (2018 - 2020)

The impact of the Youth Obligation on disadvantaged young people; Centrepoint and TfL (2017 - 2018)

Precarious pathways to employment for young people? Unpaid, temporary and involuntary part-time work in transitions from education to employment; ESRC (2014 - 2017).